26 January 2013
Humberto VARUM, Cristina FERREIRA OLIVEIRA & Aníbal COSTA
Adobe in Art Nouveau constructions in Aveiro
Nowadays, Aveiro is one of the Portuguese cities where magnificent examples of Art Nouveau movement can be found. Due to construction techniques traditionally used in the area and time period in which the Art Nouveau emerged, most buildings of this style and region were built using adobe blocks, a singularity worldwide. This type of construction has many advantages but also requires particular care to be taken into account in its proper maintenance and preservation. In this paper, the common structural problems and pathologies of this type of buildings will be presented and discussed with the example of the characterization works developed at Major Pessoa house in support to its conservation.
L'Art nouveau en Pologne: architecture, constructions, décors
XXth century architecture of Poland can be characterised an abundance of style, various construction solutions and a diverse range of materials and decorations. Traditional wooden contruction style developed in XIXth century in Zakopane, a city in the polish Tatras Mountain region. In many of Polish cities (Cracow, Wroclaw, Kazimierz) one can find numerous wooden and brick villas. In the cites of former Austro-Hungarian Annexation (e.x. Cracow) there are many preserved ArtNouveau tenement houses, built from bricks and decorated in interesting ornaments. There also are many other buildings with richly decorated elevations – plasters, mosaics and interior decorations (e.x. staircases with iron handrails). In Wroclaw one can find plenty of structures built in a typical german architectural style. In nearly all structures we notice wall coverings made from materials characteristic for that era, many of which are no longer being made (glazed slate, iron construction elements, fences, handrails and gratings). During conservation aften modern substitute materials are being used. There is not enough traditional craftsmen and small workshops producing materials necessary for the restoration of these structures. This article will focus on a choice of representative examples of Polish architecture of XXth century, together with their ornaments, building and decorative materials.