At the end of the 19th century Reus was the second city of Catalonia in terms of population and economic activity, with a climate that favoured agriculture, a solid textile industry and a powerful trade based on brandy, to the point that the international pricing of this product was marked by the city together with Paris and London, hence the popular saying “Reus, Paris, London”. This resulted in the local bourgeoisie competing to build prestigious buildings and the urban image of the city was transformed.

The “modernist” imprint was given by Lluís Domènech i Montaner (1850-1923) when he lead the Institut Pere Mata project, a psychiatric hospital. Domènech designed a care center on the outskirts of the city, organized in independent pavilions separated by gardens, with a very careful use of the applied and decorative arts. The Institute is the direct precedent of the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau in Barcelona.

From this moment on, Domènech i Montaner came into contact with Reus society who commissioned him works such as the Pere Rull’s house (1900), the Margenat family’s funeral chapel (c.1905), the house and oil warehouse of Fèlix Gasull (1910-1914), and the aborted projects for the Círcol Society (1899) and the Teatre Circ (1900). Among all these buildings, the Navàs Blasco house and shop (1901) stands out for its exceptionality, one of the few European houses that preserves in situ all the original furnishings, directed by the ensemblier Gaspar Homar. Domènech’s relationship with Reus continued with the works of his son, Pere Domènech Roura (1881-1967), author of the now-defunct Cinema Kursaal (1908-1909).

On the other hand, Antoni Gaudí (1852-1926) who was born in the city, did not leave any works, only a project to reform the Sanctuary of Mercy. There remain however, important constructions by two of his disciples, also sons of Reus: Joan Rubió i Bellver (1870-1853) and Domènec Sugrañes Gras (1878-1938), the latter with late constructions, already within the Noucentista period.

Finally, we cannot fail to mention the work of Pere Caselles i Tarrats (1864-1936) who was the municipal architect from 1891 to 1930 and is responsible for the largest number of modernist buildings that can still be seen in the city today.

Image artist function date
Lluís Domènech i Montaner Architect 1849-1923
Pere Caselles i Tarrats Architect 1864-1936
Joan Rubió i Bellver Architect, archaeologist and politician 1870-1952
Pere Domènech i Roura Architect 1881-1962
Domènec Sugrañes Gras Architect 1878-1938
Cover Author Description date Link
Arnavat, A. Reus 1900: Segona ciutat de Catalunya

Fundació La Caixa ISBN: DL T. 1547-1998
Cabré, T. Cabré, T.

Editorial Mediterrània ISBN: 8483340593
J. Sardà et al “Simposi Lluís Domènech i Montaner : ponències : Centre de Lectura de Reus, 6 i 7 d’octubre de 2017.”

Centre D’Estudis Lluís Domènech i Montaner ISBN: 9788494923005
Arnavat, A.; Casamartina; J.; Freixa, M.; Gil, N.; March, J; Molet,J.; Sala, T.-
M.; Saliné, M. Sardà, J.; Subías, P.
La Casa Navàs de Lluís Domènech i Montaner

Pragma edicions
March, J. Reus i el Modernisme

Pragma edicions ISBN: 8493315125
March, J.; Freixa, M.; Gil, N.; Labad, A.; Sala, T-M.; Saliné, M.; Subias, P. L’Institut Pere Mata de Reus de Lluís Domènech i Montaner

Pragma edicions ISBN: 8493338583
Pitarch i Morell, Ma. T. Reus ciutat modernista 1900-1910

Cambra de Comerç, Indústria i Navegació de Reus ISBN: 8460771806

Partner :
Reus – City Promot on Agency

C/ St. Joan, 34A – 43201 Reus, (Tarragona) – SPAIN

Contact person: Montserrat, Caelles Bertran

Phone: +34 977 010 667